Climate Change Advocate
All forms of life on earth are based on carbon, an element that forms an infinite number of compounds and is present in all the molecular structures that make up DNA and each of the cells of animals and plants on earth.
Carbon is claimed to be the sixth most abundant element in the universe, and the tenth most abundant element in the Earth’s surface
The formation of carbon on planet Earth is attributed mostly to biomass, which explains why it is also the second most abundant element in the human body, only after oxygen present in water.
When living beings die, their bodies turn into biomass and begin a process of decomposition, some faster than others, where some carbon structures present in their bodies transform from organic forms to inorganic forms, mainly Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4), greenhouse gases (GHG) that are part of the natural carbon cycle.
These gases are then captured by plants and by phytoplankton (microscopic marine algae) in a process known as photosynthesis to form Carbohydrates, molecules that provide the energy base for living beings and are distributed along the different trophic chains.
The Carbon Problem
In two centuries, we have produced more GHG emissions than in the rest of human history; more than our forests and phytoplankton are capable of capturing, which has led us to a phenomenon known as “global warming”, which is nothing more than the increase in temperatures of the entire planet.
Global warming has triggered imbalances in various ecosystems, caused many natural disasters and the extinction of various species, making it an urgent need for current generations to make the necessary efforts to mitigate climate change.
Despite the resilience that our planet has shown, some scientists affirm that the damage will be so severe by 2030 that from then on it will be irreversible, and we will begin a period of decline due to lack of vital resources such as water and food until reaching a mass extinction; an event similar to the one experienced by the Rapanui on Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean, but on a global scale.
Advocate Against Climate Change
Each ton of biochar represents an average of 2,5 tons of CO2 that are preserved in the soil for centuries, providing fertility and productivity and mitigating its harmful ascent into the atmosphere.
Biochar is produced from raw materials from sustainable sources, which are by products or wastes from various agricultural and livestock activities. The process is known as “Pyrolysis”, a term derived from two Greek words: Pyro, which means “fire” and Lysis, which means “breaking.” This process is a thermochemical conversion that has the particularity of heating biomass in a very limited or ideally zero oxygen (O2) atmosphere.
When there is no oxygen, there is no combustion, whereby the carbon structures contained in biomass do not transform to CO2 or other gaseous forms that are potentially GHG, but remain in solid form and instead change to other forms of carbon. known as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), which contain the predominant structural carbon molecule in biochar, carrying all the properties that improve soil fertility.
Under the previous principle, the carbon cycle is cut in the mineralization phase, because the pyrolysis does not allow for biomass to degrade into Greenhouse Gases (GHG), rather it is transformed and kept in solid form.
¿What is Biochar?
It is a residue rich in organic carbon, pure and stable. regulates the availability of water and facilitates the absorption of nutrients from the soil by keeping them permanently available to plants